This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
Justification is a term that is used a lot in church but the meaning of the word isn’t thought about too often. The word is similar to justice so that gives us a starting point in our understanding but doesn’t fully answer the question.
There are numerous religious words that all have the same general idea behind them. To be justified is to be made righteous. It is the same thing as being sanctified or being made holy. These terms are all lumped together because they are all related to our salvation and take place at the same time.
All of these terms mean that God takes our sin, applies His grace to us, and gives us His righteousness. It is more than just the balancing of a scale – giving us enough grace to counteract our sin. Our sin is completely removed. The debt that we owe is completely wiped clean so that all God sees when He looks at us is His grace and righteousness.
Justification is a legal term. Because of our sin we should be found guilty before God. But our justification removes that sin and therefore God no longer sees us as guilty.